Adding a route to hostname.if

Sometimes, it may be necessary to add a default gateway that is not on your subnet.

Suppose for example we have been assigned the following networking values:

  • IPv4 address:
  • IPv4 default gateway:
  • IPv6 address: 2001:db8:2::/48
  • IPv6 default gateway: 2001:db8:1::1

The IPv6 default gateway we are given (2001:db8:1::1) is not part of our IPv6 subnet 2001:db8:2::/48. For this reason, we need to manually add routes in our hostname.if configuration files:

# cat /etc/hostname.vio0
inet 0xffffff00
inet6 2001:db8:2::1 48
!route add -inet6 2001:db8:1::1 -cloning -link -iface vio0
!route add -inet6 default 2001:db8:1::1
# cat /etc/mygate

Note the two route lines:

!route add -inet6 2001:db8:1::1 -cloning -link -iface vio0
!route add -inet6 default 2001:db8:1::1

The first adds a route to 2001:db8:1::1 using interface vio0. It marks this route as cloning (a new route is generated upon use). The second command says that the default route for IPv6 packets will be 2001:db8:1::1.